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How Dental Cavities Are Fixed: A Comprehensive Guide

Open mouth displaying several teeth with visible cavities and decay, highlighting the need for dental treatment.

Cavities, also known as dental caries or tooth decay, are among the most common health problems in the world. They occur when acid-producing bacteria erode the tooth's hard surface. Fortunately, modern dentistry offers effective solutions for treating cavities, restoring dental health and functionality. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore how cavities are fixed, emphasizing the treatments available at Conestoga Dental Centre.

Understanding Cavities

Cavities form when plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, accumulates on the teeth. These bacteria feed on sugars from the food we eat, producing acids that attack tooth enamel. Over time, this process can create holes in the enamel, leading to cavities. Regular dental check-ups are crucial for early detection and treatment.

A detailed model of a tooth cross-section with a cavity, showing the different layers of the tooth and a dentist's probe pointing at the affected area.

The Process of Fixing Cavities

1. Detection and Diagnosis: The first step in fixing a cavity is detection. During your visit to Conestoga Dental Centre, our dental professionals will use visual examinations and X-rays to accurately diagnose the presence and extent of cavities.

2. Anesthesia: For comfort, a local anesthetic may be administered to numb the area around the affected tooth, ensuring a pain-free procedure.

3. Decay Removal: Using specialized dental tools, the dentist will carefully remove the decayed portion of the tooth. This step is crucial to prevent further damage and to prepare the tooth for filling.

4. Tooth Cleaning: After removing the decay, the area is thoroughly cleaned to eliminate bacteria and debris, creating a clean base for the filling material.

5. Filling the Cavity: The next step involves filling the cavity with a durable material. At Conestoga Dental Centre, we use tooth-colored composite resins for a natural look and feel. This material is carefully shaped to match the contours of your tooth, then hardened with a special light.

6. Polishing and Adjustment: The final step is to polish the filled tooth, ensuring it blends seamlessly with your natural teeth. The dentist may also make minor adjustments to ensure a comfortable bite.

Close-up view of a patient's mouth showing a tooth with a large cavity on the lower jaw, indicating advanced tooth decay.

Post-Treatment Care

After fixing a cavity, it's important to maintain good oral hygiene to prevent future decay. This includes regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and avoiding excessive sugary foods and drinks.

Fixing cavities is a straightforward process that plays a vital role in maintaining oral health and preventing further complications. At Conestoga Dental Centre, our team of dental professionals is committed to providing the highest quality care, using the latest techniques and materials to ensure the best outcomes for our patients. If you suspect you have a cavity or it's time for your regular check-up, contact us today to schedule an appointment.

Remember, early detection and treatment are key to combating tooth decay and ensuring a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.

Contact Conestoga Dental Centre today to book an appointment with our experienced dental professionals. You can reach us by phone at 905-840-0000 or by email at We look forward to helping you maintain good oral health and a bright, healthy smile!

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