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Understanding Different Types of Human Bites and Maintaining Optimal Oral Health

Having a proper bite is crucial not only for a stunning smile but also for good oral health and overall well-being. In this post, we’ll explore the different types of human bites and provide tailored oral health tips for each. Ensuring your bite is correct can prevent a myriad of dental issues, and here’s how you can identify yours and keep it in top shape.

Close-up of an adult's smile with perfectly aligned white teeth, demonstrating an ideal bite

Different Types of Human Bites: Normal Bite - The Ideal Occlusion

A normal bite is characterized by a slight overlap of upper teeth over the lower teeth, with the molar points fitting perfectly into the grooves of the opposite molar.

Oral Health Tip: Maintain a regular dental hygiene routine with biannual check-ups to keep this ideal bite in perfect condition.

Open Bite: A Gap Between

An open bite is where the front teeth, upper or lower, don’t touch when the mouth is closed, creating a noticeable gap.

Oral Health Tip: Seek orthodontic consultation. Special orthodontic treatments, like braces or aligners, may be recommended.

Close-up of a child's smile showing baby teeth with some missing, indicating a typical developmental stage.

Overbite: The Deep Bite

An overbite features upper front teeth that overlap the lower teeth significantly.

Oral Health Tip: Excessive overbites may lead to gum damage and wear on the lower teeth, so it’s important to consult with an orthodontist for potential corrective procedures.

Underbite: The Lower Projection

When the lower teeth are ahead of the upper teeth, it’s called an underbite, often due to a prominent lower jaw.

Oral Health Tip: Addressing an underbite often requires orthodontic treatment; early intervention can prevent complications like difficulty chewing and speaking.

Close-up of an adult pulling back lips to reveal a full set of healthy teeth, possibly demonstrating an example of a good dental bite.

Crossbite: The Misalignment

A crossbite occurs when one or more upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth, either in the front or sides.

Oral Health Tip: A crossbite can lead to bone loss and gum disease, so treatment from a dental professional is crucial for correction.

Close-up of a mouth with slightly misaligned teeth, possibly indicating a mild dental occlusion issue

Edge-to-Edge Bite: The Straight Match

This bite has the edges of the upper and lower front teeth biting directly onto each other.

Oral Health Tip: Such bites can lead to tooth chipping; protective measures like dental guards and possibly orthodontic treatment may be suggested.

Overjet: The Horizontal Overlap

Characterized by upper teeth that protrude beyond the lower teeth, creating a horizontal gap, known as an overjet.

Oral Health Tip: Can cause increased risk of front teeth injury; orthodontic treatments can realign the teeth properly.

For all bite types, the key to maintaining good oral health lies in:

  • Regular brushing and flossing

  • Using the right toothbrush and toothpaste for your condition

  • Biannual dental check-ups and cleanings

  • Seeking orthodontic consultation when necessary

Remember, each bite type has its unique challenges, but with the right care and professional guidance, you can maintain a healthy and confident smile.

Contact Conestoga Dental Centre today to book an appointment with our experienced dental professionals. You can reach us by phone at 905-840-0000 or by email at We look forward to helping you maintain good oral health and a bright, healthy smile!

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